Gem and Mineral Information



Agate is the name given to a group of aggregates of various forms of silica, chiefly chalcedony. They form in nodules or holes in ancient lava flows. Water slowly percolates through the nodule depositing silica from the cooled lava in regular layers. Sometimes the silica contains minerals, when this happens a banding effect is visible. In different specimens the banding stops meaning the deposition has not proceeded far enough to fill the cavity resulting in a hollow space. The final deposit usually consists of quartz crystals directed toward the free space. This is called a geode. Believed to be stabilizing and strengthening. Helps you feel grounded and remain focused. Dispels fears of all kinds.


Amazonite, sometimes called Amazon Stone, is a green variety of feldspar. Formerly, it was obtained almost exclusively from Russia. More recently, high-quality crystals have been obtained from Pike's Peak and Crystal Park, Colorado, where it is found with smoky quartz in granite. It is also found in Madagascar and Brazil. The blue-green color results from small quantities of lead and water in the feldspar. Amazonite benefits are centered on calming & soothing the senses, giving way to truth, sincerity & open communication. It may help you analyze information and combine it with your intuitive wisdom.


Amber is an organic gem formed from the hardened, fossilized sap or resin of pine trees. It is a beautiful gem that when cut and polished is a valuable gemstone. Amber can contain insects and plants that are millions of years old such as gnats, flies, wasps, bees, ants and mosquitos. Sometimes there may even be moths, beetles, or grasshoppers. Amber varies from yellow and orange to brown. It is usually found in the Baltic countries and in coal seams in Wyoming and the Dominican Republic. Relieves depression and lifts spirits. Good for throat problems and chest congestion.


Amethyst is a type of purple quartz with an interesting history. The use of Amethyst can be traced as far back as 25,000 B.C. to the Neolithic people in Europe. Its spiritual and legendary energies made it popular in many ancient cultures. As a stone of royalty, it was utilized in crowns, scepters and jewelry. Ancient Egyptians used Amethyst as a healing stone to ease fears and guilt, and as a strong protector while traveling. Greeks and Romans used it constantly to protect themselves from excesses of overindulgence with food and drink, and its powerful healing effect upon the mind made it valuable for placement under the pillow at bedtime to cure insomnia and induce pleasant dreams. For headaches it was warmed and placed on the forehead or temples to reduce throbbing. Can help increase psychic awareness. An amethyst crystal stored with other stones will enhance their powers.


Ammonites are the fossilized, hard shells of extinct mollusks that existed from the Paleozoic to the end of the Cretaceous era. They were abundant in all the oceans. Their closest relative is the chambered Nautilus from the Pacific and Indian oceans. After millions of years the original shell is slowly replaced by minerals such as agate or calcite. Ammonite fossils are found on every continent. They are treasured for their appearance and form. Some show very intricate suture patterns, which are created by the complex walls dividing the inside of the shell. The Navajos and other Native American Indian tribes carried ammonites in their medicine bags for health and good hunting. They were called Buffalo stones because of their resemblance to the North American Bison.


Angelite is a stone that can bring serenity, inner peace, and a sense of calm. Angelite is excellent to use when you need to calm down from feelings of stress. Angelite dispeals fear, anger, and encourages forgiveness. Psychically angelite is used to connect with spirit guides, the higher self, and guardian angels. It is excellent for enhancing telepathy, psychic awareness, astral travel, and spirit journeys. Angelite is also excellent for creating a shield of psychic protection and for balancing etheric and physical energies. Angelite can be used to aid expression and communication in group settings and in relationships. Mystical lore says that angelite is used for infectious diseases, headaches, hemoglobin deficiencies, throat inflammations and infections, thymus, heart function, and circulatory system.

Apache Tears

Apache Tears are a form of black obsidian (volcanic glass.) They are translucent stones found in Arizona composed of feldspar, hornblende, biotite and quartz. They are formed by rhythmic crystallization that produces a separation of light and dark materials into spherical shapes. There is a haunting legend about the Apache Tear Drop. The Apaches were surprised and out-numbered in an attack. Nearly 50 of the band of 75 Apaches were killed and the rest retreated to the cliff's edge and chose death by leaping over the edge. The sadness of the Apache women was so deep and sincere that the Great Father imbedded their tears into black stones. When held to the light, they reveal the translucent tears of the Apache. The stones are said to bring good luck and balance emotions. They stimulate success in business, produce clear vision and increase psychic powers.


Aquamarine a precious stone consisting of a light bluish-green variety of beryl. Aquamarine is a stone of courage. Aquamarine provides a shielding properties for the aura and the subtle bodies. Aquamarine helps to attune to more spiritual levels of awareness; for those who are involved in spiritual development, Aquamarine provides emotional and intellectual stability and enhances the connection with the higher self. It enables one to travel deep within the self.


Aragonite is a calcium carbonate crystal. It is a good Earth healer, and encourages conservation of Earth's precious resources. Aragonite works with all of the chakras, but can work specifically with the Root/Base Chakra for grounding and creating a deeper connection to planet Earth. Aragonite acts as a stabilizing stone as it reduces stress. It is also helpful to those who need to release issues from the past.

Aventurine (green)

Aventurine is a silicon dioxide mineral with a hardness of 7. It is characterized by its mineral inclusions, which give it a shimmery effect. Typically, it is a green color caused by chrome bearing fuchsite. Aventurine is found mainly in India and also Brazil, USSR, USA, Canada and Norway. Green Aventurine is a comforter and heart healer. It neutralizes all sources of electro-magnetic pollution, blocking out emanations from computers, television and other electronic equipment. Green Aventurine settles nausea and dissolves negative emotions and thoughts. It is believed to be a lucky stone and brings good fortune and increases creativity. Heals wounded emotions. It’s an excellent stone for teenagers.


Azurite has been used in ancient cultures for about as long as lapis lazuli. Its deep blue color was just as appealing as lapis. It was used by Egyptian priests to raise the consciousness to a higher level. Azurite is found as crystal clusters flowing together with Malachite. It occurs in the oxidation zone of copper deposits. It can be found in France, Namibia, Russia, Zaire, China, Australia, and Arizona in the United States. Some believe its metaphysical properties help to strengthen the blood and improve energy flow throughout the body. It also helps one relinquish harmful beliefs and see the true purpose of life.


Black Onyx

Onyx is a type of Chalcedony (kal-sed-don-nee) which is crystallized or fibrous quartz that forms in volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Chalcedony occurs in many forms, colors, and shapes. All black onyx has been treated with heat to produce the deep black color. Black stones are especially beautiful when set in silver, white gold or platinum. Metaphysically, black onyx is believed to be one of the most powerful protection stones which have the ability to absorb and transform negative energy. Because of this quality, people find it helpful in relieving stress and for emotional stability. It is believed to cool the ardors of love. Thus it may be very helpful for people who can't let go of past relationships and beliefs.

Black Tourmaline

Black tourmaline is a crystal boron silicate mineral compounded with elements such as aluminium, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium, or potassium. It is naturally magnetic and has pyroelectric and polarizing qualities. Deposits of this stone have been found in Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Metaphysically, black tourmaline repels negativity and protects the wearer. It is said to be a very good stone to wear when you're experiencing any kind of stress. Placing black tourmaline under your pillow is thought to protect you from nightmares. Placing a black tourmaline at the entrance to your house will protect you from jealous neighbors. Emotionally, black tourmaline is excellent for dispelling fears, obsessions, and neuroses, and bringing emotional stability. Physically, black tourmaline is alleged to strengthen the immune system and help with heart disease, arthritis, and gout.

Blue Mist Chalcedony

Chalcedony (cal – SED – dun –nee) is a type of quartz crystal that is found in Brazil, India, Uruguay, Madagascar, and the USA. Its soft blue, delicate color is best expressed when set in silver. During the 1700s, it was believed that chalcedony embodied the power to banish evil spirits and nightmares. Chalcedony beads were once carried by sailors to protect against drowning. Astrologers of the Middle Ages wore engraved signet rings of chalcedony as amulets. Healing Properties: Helps overcome jealousy and despair. It dispels anger, balances ego and supports fidelity. It is also believed to promote awareness and clearer psychic vision. It relieves nervousness, brings love and comfort and promotes good health. Lifts the spirits and balances emotions.

Blue Quartz

Assists in reaching out to others. Calms the mind and strengthens the immune system.



Calcite is a calcium carbonate mineral with a hardness of 3. Calcites make up the major part of most limestone and marble. It is found on every continent, however the brightest varieties are from Mexico. One famous source of calcite is in Hattsub, Egypt, where white and yellow calcite was quarried and referred to as alabaster. In fact, the sphinx in Egypt dating back to the 18-19th dynasty was carved from calcite. It is an interesting stone to collect and is available in blue, green, orange, pink, white and clear. Used for spiritual protection and to clear the mind. A great energizer for new projects.


The name Carnelian is said to be derived from the Latin word carnis meaning flesh due to its color. Egyptians believed the stone had great power in the after life and so revered the stone that it was one of the three stones most often used in their jewelry. The various shades of red due to the presence of iron oxide are said to still the blood, calm the temper, and renew vitality. Carnelian is found throughout the world, the most renowned mines being in India, Brazil, Uruguay, and Japan. Banishes jealousy and inspires courage. Aids perception and decision making. Helps one deal with back pain.

Chrysocolla (kris – o - cola)

Chrysocolla is a turquoise blue and green mineral found in the United States, Chile and South Africa in association with copper mines. In ancient Egypt, it was called the wise stone. It was said to make violent-tempered people sensitive and tolerant. Cleopatra carried chrysocolla with her wherever she went. Metaphysically, it is used to calm fevers. It is particularly beautiful when set in silver and resembles cool water flowing through green forests. Eases stress and promotes self-confidence. Balances emotions.


Citrine is a variety of Quartz which gets its color from the presence of iron. It is important to know that much of the citrine on the market today is actually heat treated amethyst since it is rare to find gem quality citrine in its natural color. The name appears to be taken from the French word “Citron” (lemon) referring to its color. The largest deposit is located in Brazil and is sometimes referred to as Brazilian Topaz. It is also found in Spain, France, and Madagascar. For almost 6000 years citrine has been thought of as a gemstone and healing stone being recognized as the stone of light, sun, and after life. Calms emotions, boosts feelings of self-worth and happiness. Eliminates toxins.

Clear Quartz

May be used as an aid to divination. Clear quartz may also be used for establishing a link with spirit guides and helpful angels. “The mirror of the soul.” A powerful healer.


Coral is a calcium carbonate combined with magnesium created in colonies of the marine coral polyp. The best deep red coral is from the Mediterranean Sea, but pollution and over harvesting has greatly reduced that source. Generally, the deeper the color is, the higher the value. The delicate pink coral called Angel Skin is from the Sea of Japan and is also very rare and desirable. Coral should never be subjected to liquid cleaning solvents, ammonia, vinegar or extreme heat. Metaphysically, coral is believed to strengthen and protect the emotions. Aids and strengthens bones and teeth.

Created Opal

Created opal, produced in a laboratory by a lengthy and difficult process, corresponds exactly to natural opal. Like natural opal, it is composed of non-crystalline hydrous silica dioxide. The process in the laboratory copies the natural process of opal formation and involves producing tiny spheres of silica as even in size as possible. These settle in water in tall cylinders to form perfectly uniform rows of spheres. The iridescence of both natural and created opal is caused by the interference of light from the minute sphere of silica gel that makes up the gem. Created opal comes in two basic varieties of background, light (white opal) and dark (black opal). The difference between created and naturally formed opal is usually seen only under a microscope. Created opal has a lively iridescence like precious opal, but has no residual water content and therefore is more stable and can be used for inlay. It requires no special care and is unlikely to crack, dry out, or change color.


Creedite is a rather rare sulfate. Specimens collected in Mina Navidad, Rodeo, Durango, Mexico have hundreds of tiny prismatic points of a brilliant reddish-orange color. Creedite can be useful in expansion of awareness and helps align the throat and crown chakras. Creedite enhances spirituality and is a tool to be used in channeling meditation to provide clarity in the verbalization of the message which is transmitted. Creedite helps provide a driving force to aid in opening bridges from the heart to the transcendental realms above. For healers, this is the stone to add to your collection.

Cubic Zirconia

Cubic Zirconia (or CZ) is zirconium oxide (ZrO2), a mineral that is extremely rare in nature but is widely synthesized for use as a diamond simulant. The synthesized material is hard, optically flawless and usually colorless, but may be made in a variety of different colors.


Desert Rose

Gypsum is a common mineral formed by the evaporation of water. Gypsum can appear as transparent crystals (Selenite); fibrous, elongated crystals (satin spar); granular and compact masses (alabaster); and in rosette-shaped aggregates called desert roses. There are many varieties, some look remarkably like a rose flower with its petals open, while others form into beautiful bladed spheres. The petal-shaped appearance is due to the inter growth of crystals in a cluster of divergent blades. In order for gypsum rosettes to form they must have an arid environment, a large source of calcium sulfate, and a seasonal fluctuation of water.


Drusy (dru–zee) gemstones are cabochons with natural surface texture like fine sugar crystals that sparkle like freshly fallen snow. Drusy is the phenomenon of micro-crystals forming on a matrix, occurring in different colored minerals around the world. Drusy gemstones beauty comes from their surfaces being covered by thousands of shimmering crystals, creating spectacular textured gems of rich color. In recent years, Native American silversmiths have produced stunning pieces featuring Drusy.



Emeralds are beryllium aluminum silicate mineral with a hardness of 7.5-8. It is a green variety of beryl and its color is caused by vanadium and/or chromium. It occurs in thin veins of calcite or quartz, in dark shale and black bituminous limestone. The earliest emerald mine was in Egypt but the highest quality specimens are from Columbia. Flawless emeralds are rare. Treatments have been devised to disguise many of these flaws and minimize the loss of valuable material. The “emerald cut” was specifically designed to maximize the valuable stone and intensify its color. Found in North Carolina, Australia, Columbia and Pakistan. Metaphysically, it restores harmony, justice and healing.


Epidote is a relatively hard stone (6.5-7 on the Mohs scale). Its color can vary depending on the iron concentration. It can be deeply green, brown, or almost black. It possesses a glassy appearance. Notable deposits can be found in Mexico, Brazil, USA, Australia, China and Mozambique. Epidote is a strong purifier of the astral body and auras. It enhances perception and personal power. Epidote is excellent for attunement in all aspects of awareness, improvement, abundance, and healing. It is a stone that promotes perception, strengthens interaction and sharing with other people, and increases social awareness.


Fire Agate

Fire Agate is a beautiful iridescent glowing agate that can be found in the U.S. Southwest and Mexico. It forms when silica rich water and iron oxide invade crevices in a rock in a layered pattern. The minerals form in a botryoidal or bubble –like appearance and give the illusion of an “oily” surface. This lovely illusion is caused by light refracting between the layers of silica (quartz) and iron oxide. Very careful cutting and polishing displays more of the fire. An irregular face of the stone is common when the cutter has ground it away bringing layers of color closer to the surface. Fire Agate awakens the lower chakras and fills one with the zest for living and creativity.


Fluorite is known as the "Genius Stone" because it is believed to increase concentration and aid in decision-making. It has a wide range of colors including yellow, blue, pink, purple and green often occurring in a single stone. The ancient Egyptians used fluorite to carve statues. The Chinese have used it in carvings for over 300 years. In the 18th century, fluorite was powdered in water to relieve the symptoms of kidney disease. It is said to absorb and neutralize negative vibrations. Healers use it to help with ulcers as well as the respiratory tract by stimulating cell regeneration in these areas. It fortifies bones, improves arthritic or other joint ailments. Fluorite is found in Canada, the US, South Africa, Thailand, Peru, Mexico, China, Poland & Hungary. Helps one become more analytical. Combats anxiety and worry.


Fuchsite is a chromium-bearing variety of muscovite mica. The intensity of its green color depends on the chromium concentration, which could be up to 25 %. It is a potassium aluminium silicate hydroxide fluoride with a hardness of 2 to 3 (very soft). Fuchsite is found in New Hampshire, and Manitoba, Canada. Metaphysically Fuchsite is a protective stone which increases self-determination, confidence, and the ability to set boundaries.



The name is derived from either the Latin word “granatus” (grain-like) or “granatici” (pomegranate). Garnet has been known as the warrior’s stone for a long time. It was carried by many soldiers to ward off death and injury. The stone was set in shields, buckles, and other items worn by Crusaders. For over 500 years it has been used to make jewelry in Bohemia and it is said to encourage feelings of joy and to warm the heart. Garnet can be found worldwide but some of the most notable places are South Africa, Brazil, Germany, Bohemia, Canada, and California in the United States. Protects against depression. Encourages patience and perseverance. Helps shyness.

Gaspeite (gas-pee-ite)

Gaspeite was discovered in 1966 in the Lemieux Township of the Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec, Canada. It is also found in Western Australia – the best from North of Perth, Australia. It is also found as a secondary mineral around nickel sulfide deposits. Gaspeite comes in light green to an unmistakable apple green color. This unusual green color is striking when worn with purple, orange, gem colors and earth tones like brown, khaki, and rust. Gaspeite is exceptionally beautiful when set in sterling silver. Navajo silversmiths often combine Gaspeite with other stones in multi-color inlaid jewelry. Since mining for gaspeite has ceased, the stones available now include deep brown matrix mixed with the apple green color.


Goldstone or "Monk’s Gold” is a type of glittering glass made in an atmosphere in which oxidation is prevented by the removal of oxygen. A group of 16th century monks in Italy are credited with producing the original goldstone in a process the have kept secret for centuries. These monks were trying to make gold out of other materials (alchemy). In an ancient glass factory in Murano near Venice, Italy, molten copper was tipped by accident into a crucible of molten glass and formed tiny bright triangular crystals suspended in glass. Goldstone also exists in other colors based on other elements. Starry Night Goldstone (blue) contains cobalt instead of copper. Manganese can be substituted for copper resulting in Royal Goldstone (purple) while chromium oxides produce Green Goldstone. Goldstone symbolizes human ingenuity in the search for wealth and beauty.

Green Moss Agate

Moss Agate is a silicon dioxide mineral with a hardness of 7. Technically it is not a true agate due to the absence of banding. It appears as a translucent milky stone with dendrite or treelike patterns of green or brown. This “mossy” appearance is due to the presence of either Manganese (brown) or Chloride (green). It occurs in India, China, and the USA (MT and WY). Moss Agate is said to be good for peace and stability, persistence, stabilizing all body systems, grounding and balance.



Hematite is an iron oxide mineral with a hardness of 5-6. It is 70% iron and is mined in England, Mexico, Brazil, Australia and US. Its name derives from the Greek haimatitis or ‘blood red’ referring to its color in powdered form. The word hemoglobin (the iron in blood causing a red color) shares the same root word with hematite. Because of its high iron content, hematite will carry a magnetic charge when heated at low temperatures. Magnetically charged hematite jewelry draws the iron in our blood to the area where the hematite is worn bringing better circulation to injuries and arthritis. Metaphysically, it is a grounding stone. Enables one to disconnect from daily material concerns and have broader vision.


Jade (Nephrite)

Nephrite Jade is a calcium magnesium silicate. It is found in China, Mexico, New Zealand, Central and South America. Jade is a "dream stone," releasing negative thoughts and irritability and soothing the mind. It stabilizes the personality, integrating mind with body, to stimulate ideas and make tasks less complex and easier to act upon. Placed on the forehead, it brings insightful dreams. Jade improves one's remembering of dreams and releases suppressed emotions via the dream process. Jade is a powerful cleansing stone, enhancing the body's filtration and elimination organs. Encourages longevity. Builds friendships.


Jasper is an opaque, fine-grained variety of Chalcedony. Its is found in many colors such as red, brown, pink, yellow, green, white, and rarely blue. It often contains organic material and mineral oxides that give it interesting patterns, bands and colors. Many of these patterns resemble landscapes. Picture jasper is a petrified mud that dripped into gas pockets in molten lava. Found worldwide, a variety of named jaspers can be found in the Western U.S. and Madagascar. It is nurturing and helps to uplift, support, and ground you during times of stress. It’s beneficial in bringing you tranquility and wholeness. A powerful stone used for predictive purposes and to protect the body.


Jet occurs in black or dark brown and is a variety of coal known as lignite. The finest jet comes from England, and it is also found in the United States, Poland, France, Germany, Spain, India and Russia. Keeps evil at bay and strengthens character.



Kyanite is striated or layered sillicate crystal, often transparent or "pearlized". The colors range from blue-white, pink, green, yellow, gray and black. It is mined in North Carolina, Virginia, and Russia. Kyanite is excellent for attunement and meditation. Calming and tranquilizing, it aids self-expression, communication, and psychic abilities. Kyanite also connects to guides. It supports continuation of difficult projects and instills compassion. Some writings say kyanite aligns chakras and subtle bodies instantly. Other reports say it dispels blockages, eases headaches, confusion, illusion, anger and frustration as well as restores Qi. Kyanite never needs cleaning, does not hold negativity and increases linear thought. Kyanite balances yin-yang and treats muscular disorders, fevers, urogenital system, thyroid and parathyroid and in addition, it is said to balance adrenal glands, throat and brain.



The feldspar, Labradorite, was originally discovered on St. Paul Island, Labrador, Canada in 1770. Pieces of the stone were found amongst the artifacts of the Red Painted People of Maine. The iridescence is referred to as “shiller”. Spectrolite, having the most vibrant shiller, was discovered in Finland during World War II. It is considered to be the gem quality of Labradorite. Labradorite is found in Canada, Norway, Madagascar, and Russia. Some believe it has a metaphysical property that stimulates imagination, creativity, and has a calming or harmonizing effect. For some it helps develop psychic powers.

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis has been highly prized since ancient Babylonian and Egyptian times. Stories of lapis date back to 5000 B.C. The name comes from the Arabic azu meaning “blue sky” and the Latin lapis meaning stone. Many ancient rulers valued its magical and medicinal qualities. Lapis Lazuli is formed by the conversion of lime to marble. Genuine lapis is a natural blue, opaque stone. It is brilliant deep blue and sometimes possesses small sparkling gold or silver colored flecks which are pyrite inclusions. The best lapis comes from Afghanistan and Argentina. It can also be found in Russia, Chile, Canada, and occasionally the US. It stimulates intuition and promotes creativity.


Larimar, a blue variety of pectolite, is an extremely rare gemstone that has been found in only one location: in a mountainous, relatively inaccessible region of the Dominican Republic overlooking the Caribbean Sea. This gemstone first surfaced in 1974, although the inhabitants of the region and their ancestors have long been aware of the stone. The name Larimar was given to the stone by a Dominican, Miguel Méndez, who combined his daughter's name, Larissa, with mar, the Spanish word for sea. The stone is also called the Atlantis Stone, since a wise prophet once claimed that the Dominican Republic was part of the lost continent of Atlantis, an association that has been affirmed by various spiritual and metaphysical authorities. Radiates love and peace, promotes tranquility.


Lepidolite is a lithium mica, found in a number of places including Czech Republic, Africa, Madagascar, the Dominican Republic, Brazil and the USA. Lepidolite is a soothing calming stone that will help you if you are feeling anxious, stressed or depressed. It is excellent for stress as it contains lithium. It has a positive vibration that stimulates coincidence & synchronicity. It brings emotional healing and helps you get deeper into meditation. The vibration of this stone works with all chakras especially the highest chakras. It clears electromagnetic pollution, reduces stress, aids depression and relieves allergies.



Malachite is named for the Greek word “mallow” which is a green herb. Malachite is a copper ore that comes in a brilliant green marked with ands of contrasting shades of the same green. Egyptians used malachite as early as 4000 B.C. for amulets, jewelry, and cosmetics (powdered eye shadow). Malachite is often found in copper producing areas such as Russia, Mexico, Australia, England, Southwest U.S. and notably Zaire is a major producer today. Never clean malachite with any product containg ammonia. Used for predictive purposes and helpful in seeking information about the near future. A great healing stone for negative and repressed emotions.


Moldavite is a product of a meteor collision with Earth nearly 15 million years ago. It fell over what is now called the Moldau River valley in the Czech Republic. These green gems are among the rarest minerals on earth. They have been prized for thousands of years & are still given as gifts from royalty to royalty. In legend, it is believed Moldavite was the green stone in the Holy Grail & has the power to quicken one's spiritual evolution. Moldavite's high vibrational energy is a powerful chakra opener, particularly at the heart & above. Sleeping with Moldavite activates the dream state & wearing it helps manifest positive life change. Breaks through limitations and past patterns. Greatly accelerates the spiritual growth and psychic awakening. Manifests positive life changes. An excellent meditation stone.


Mookaite is Australian jasper from the Mooka Creek in Australia. It contains shades of pink, red and yellow and purple. Mookaite jasper is made up of the skeletal remains of radiolaria, a microscopic protozoa with a hard silica shell. Over the course of millenia, many billions of their remains were deposited as sediment in the shallow areas of ancient sea beds. When the waters receded, the remains were cemented into solid rock by additional silica carried in groundwater. Minerals in the water and other marine organisms produced the varied coloration of mookaite jasper. It is a nurturing stone that supports and sustains us during times of stress bringing peace and a feeling of wholeness. It encourages versatility and acceptance of change. It helps us discover all possibilities in a situation and to choose the right one. Mookaite also grounds and stabilizes the whole body and provides a protective energy that helps to block unwanted outside influences.


Moonstone is a feldspar mineral, a potassium aluminum silicate with a hardness of 6. Moonstone is an opalescent variety of orthoclase feldspar which has a blue or white sheen known as “schiller”. The sheen is a result of the interlaying of the orthoclase with another feldspar mineral, albite. These minerals then develop by internal chemical separation during the process of crystallization. Thinner layers yield a blue sheen while thick layers produce a white sheen. Moonstone has long been sacred in India where it was said that if two lovers placed it in their mouths during the full moon, their futures would be revealed. Moonstone is believed to restore harmony.

Morganite (Pink Emerald)

When morganite was discovered in California in the early 1900s, it was called pink emerald or pink beryl. The gemstone became a favorite of the famed chief gemologist of Tiffany & Co., G. F. Kunz. In 1911, Kunz suggested naming the gemstone in honor of J. P. Morgan, the tycoon banker and gem collector who was one of Kunz's biggest customers. Pink beryl became known as morganite from then on. Deposits are found in Afghanistan, Brazil, China, Madagascar, and the USA (California and Maine). Morganite, is believed to inspire feelings of love, peace and a connection with angels.

Mother of Pearl

Mother of pearl is the common name for iridescent nacre, a blend of minerals that are secreted by oysters and other mollusks and deposited inside their shells, coating and protecting them from parasites and foreign objects. Helps one accept love.



Obsidian is a black translucent stone formed from molten lava that quickly cooled before crystallization. It’s made up of silica dioxide with impurities of titanium dioxide, aluminum dioxide and iron oxide. It was one of the first stones in the history of mankind to be used for weapons like knives and arrowheads. There is evidence that ancient Egyptians used obsidian scalpels for brain surgery. It has powerful metaphysical properties that will shield you against negativity and is also an excellent aid to help you release any negativity that your daily life may have caused. Helps one disassociate from the physical world and enter spiritual realms.


Onyx is a type of Chalcedony (kal-sed-don-nee) which is crystallized or fibrous quartz that forms in volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Chalcedony occurs in many forms, colors, and shpaes. All black onyx has been treated with heat to produce the deep black color. Onyx establishes a protective psychic shield. Enhances stability. It is believed to cool the ardors of love. Thus it may be very helpful for people who can’t let go of past relationships and beliefs.


Created opal, produced in a laboratory by a lengthy and difficult process, corresponds exactly to natural opal. Like natural opal, it is composed of non-cruystalline hydrous silica dioxide. The process in the laboratory copies the natural process of opal formation and involves producing tiny spheres of silica as even in size as possible. These settle in water in tall cylinders to form perfectly uniform rows of sphere. The iridescence of both natural and created opal is caused by the interference of light from the minute the sphere of silica gel that makes up the gem. The difference between created opal and naturally formed opal is usually only seen under a microscope. Helps one see all the possibilities in a given situation.



A pearl is a hard object produced within the soft tissue (specifically the mantle) of a living shelled mollusk. Just like the shell of a clam, a pearl is made up of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers. Enhances self-esteem and stability.


Peridot, a magnesium rich silicate, is gem quality olivine. Peridot is an Arabic word meaning “precious stone” which may be the source of the name but it is not certain. The ancient Egyptinas considered it to be a very sacred stone. Brought to the surface by volcanoes, on the islands of Hawaii, peridot is thought to be the tears of the god Pele. The color of peridot is yellow-green, olive green, or greenish brown. It occurs in basic igneous rocks, in serpentinite and as a derived mineral in sand. It can be found in meteorites, and was also found on the moon by Apollo astronauts. Peridot can be found in Brazil, South Africa, Pakistan, Arizona, and Hawaii in the United States. Many ancient cultures used it for purification and to balance the energy of the physical body. It also increases happiness and attracts abundance.


Pyrite is an iron sulfide mineral with a hardness of 6-6.5. It’s crystal patterns are cubic, pyritohedral, or octahedral. The name pyrite is derived from the Greek word for fire. Pyrite’s shiny metallic appearance has earned it the nickname “fool’s gold,” and the ancient Incas used Pyrite as mirrors. It is found all over the world, but important deposits are in Italy, Spain, and Peru. Pyrite is said to enhance willpower, helping one to overcome bad habits.

Pyrite Cubes in Matrix

Pyrite cubes in matrix are completely natural! The pyrite crystals grew in a cubic pattern, resulting in a cube shape. If you look closely you might see miniature cubes of pyrite. The fine-grained sedimentary material you see surrounding the cubes is called marlstone (clay and calcite). These specimens are 70% sulfur and 29% iron. They are also 140-200 million years old and are mined in Spain. Pyrite is said to enhance willpower and overcome bad habits.

Pyrite Suns

These pyrite suns are found in coalmines near Sparta, Illinois 300 feet below the surface in a narrow seam on top of coal deposits. Miners from four mines bring them out in their lunch buckets, thus preserving what would otherwise be destroyed. Surrounded by black slate, a difficult cleaning process unveils the hidden natural beauty dating in age to 350 million years old. They are believed to improve vitality, willpower, and confidence. Energizes space. Overcomes lethargy and fatigue. Increases the oxygen supply to the blood and strengthens the circulatory system. It is beneficial for the lungs, alleviating bronchitis and asthma.


Quartz Crystals

Generally, quartz crystals grow in a hexagonal (six sided) structure, with additional faces sloping towards a point at one end. A crystal with these characteristics is itself also called a POINT. Points may be totally clear and transparent, or they may contain streaks, lines, rainbows, water bubbles or other inclusions. They may also appear cloudy if they have grown in a place where it freezes in the winter. Optical clarity usually has little to do with a crystal's quality and its ability to amplify the subtle energies. Quartz crystals are a gift from the earth. They have the ability to amplify or strengthen the things in you that are positive, and can help you put away things that cause you fear or anger. They can strengthen your ability to be a loving person, and can enhance your abilities to enjoy life and accomplish the things you want in life. They can amplify INTENTION, reduce stress, help with CENTERING (balancing or calming), strengthen HEALING abilities, and surround you with PROTECTION by amplifying white light. Any healthy quartz crystal point can strengthen these things and help produce personal growth by amplifying the subtle energies that flow inside you.



The name Rhodonite is derived from the term rhodos, which is Greek for "Rose colored" Rhodonite is a Manganese silicate, sometimes with some calcium, iron, and magnesium. Deposits of rhodonite have been found in Australia, Finland, Japan, Canada, Madagascar, Mexico, Russia, Sweden, South Africa, Tanzania and the United States (notably New Jersey and Nevada). An emotional balancer, the “forgiveness stone." It has been said to raise self worth and helps ward off negativity. It is known as a "rescue stone".

Rose Quartz

Rose Quartz is one of the most desired forms of quartz. The pink color usually comes from iron or titanium impurities. According to legend Eros (Cupid) brouht rose quartz to the earth in hope that its color would arouse love and desire among people. Through archaeology we learn that Rose Quartz was used by the Asssyrians as early as 800-600 B.C. and in later times it was popular with the Romans. It is mostly mined in Brazil, Madagascar, Russia, Austria, Spain, Scotland, and Colorado in the United States. Rose quartz is the stone most associated with affairs of the heart, and is thought to bring love to the wearer and promote harmonious relationships.


Ruby is one of the highest valued coloured gemstones. In the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit, ruby is called "ratnaraj", which translates as "king of precious stones". The most important sources for ruby include Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. Other sources are Afghanistan, Australia, Brazil, India, Cambodia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan, Zimbabwe, Tajikistan, the USA and Vietnam. Helps one be realistic about ambitions.

Rutilated Quartz

Rutilated quartz is a beautiful stone produced by inclusions of golden rutile in quartz. At a high temperature and pressure the two minerals are collectively stable, but as the temperature and pressure drop the rutile crystals become trapped inside the quartz crystals. The rutile needles and the quartz crystal then continue to grow simultaneously at the lower temperatures, producing one of the most stunning combinations in the mineral world. Releases energy blockages, improves self-esteem, expands awareness, optimism, and frees us from entanglements.

Ryolite or Rainforest Jasper

Ryolite or Rainforest Jasper came from a molten flow of magma from a now extinct volcano about 120 million years ago. The thick magma that escaped from deep within the volcano was heavier and had a tendency to sink through lighter magma producing a stone that contains macroscopic crystalline grains similar to Granite. Rainforest Jasper can only be found around Mount Hay near Queensland Australia. It was discovered near a Chrysoprase deposit in 1986. You can use the stone to help bring more clarity to your dreams and goals.



Selenite is formed when seawater is isolated and evaporates, leaving salts to form into a unique variety of gypsum. Selenite is a colorless and transparent variety that shows a pearl like luster and has been described as having a moon like glow. Selenite comes from the Greek for moon and means moon rock. It is a relatively common mineral found around the world in 90 countries. Selenite comes in two forms: as a clear crystal with both clarity and a lovely shimmery quality, and in a sandy form called a rosette. Metaphysically, it is considered calming and is used for spiritual activation and meditation. It has a fine vibration that brings mental clarity, dispels confusion, and makes a wonderful protection stone.


Utah Septarians are found near Zion National Park in Southern Utah. They are beautiful rocks that started their formation approximately 150 million years ago when the Gulf of Mexico reached what is now southern Utah. Volcanic eruptions killed the sea life which became trapped in the sediment and formed mud balls. The ocean receded and the balls were left to dry and crack. Calcite from the shells was carried down into the cracks of the mud balls and calcite crystals formed. A thin wall of calcite was transformed into aragonite dividing the bentonite clay (shale) exteriors from the calcite centers. Because of this dividing wall (septum in Latin) the geodes are called Septarians. They combine all of the metaphysical properties of the minerals that make them up, making them extremely powerful. Septarians improve communication with Mother Earth and others and aid in being heard and understood.

Singing Quartz

Singing quartz is the name given to small Quartz points, often cloudy, that have a unique resonant sound when gently brought together. Singing Quartz are said to be imbued with the ancient force that created the Universe, resonating the high pitched Om vibration when two Singing Quartz crystals are gently brought together. Singing Quartz provides a gateway to extra-ordinary communication with vibrational consciousness when used in meditation. Singing Quartz instills a sense of happiness and acceptance of ones place in the here and now. Singing Quartz can be used to stimulate healing of any disease, as its function is to harmonize the higher vibrational energies of the aura, light body or subtle body.

Smokey Quartz

Smokey Quartz is a type of quartz that forms in a hexagonal crystal system. It is a silicon dioxide mineral and has a hardness of 7. It is found in Brazil, Australia, Madagascar, Switzerland, and the United States. Smokey Quartz is said to offer protection from negative energies in one’s environment. If you’re in a bad mood, pick up a piece of Smokey quartz and in a minute you’ll wonder where your bad mood went! Filters out negative thoughts and emotions. Relieves insomnia.


Sodalite is a chloric sodium aluminum silicate and was first discovered in 1806 in Greenland. Its name derives from its sodium content. Sodalite can be blue, gray, white, green, yellow or reddish and can usually be found with stripes of white calcite throughout. It did not gain popularity until 1891 when vast deposits were discovered in Ontario, Canada. It can also be found in Brazil, Namibia, India and USA. Metaphysically, it is the stone of athletics, stimulates endurance, promotes peace and harmony. Harmonizes the inner being and promotes peace and harmony. Extra lucky for writers.

Super Seven

Super Seven, also known as Sacred 7, is a very spiritual stone. It is one of the few stones that retains its energy and clarity and never needs cleansing or energizing. Also, a piece of Super Seven retains the properties of all the stones in the combination of amethyst, smoky quartz, clear quartz, rutile, goethite, lepidochrosite and cacoxenite, even if the piece does not visibly show all 7 minerals. These extraordinary stones are found in an area in the Minas Gerais region in Brazil called Espirito Santos which translates to 'Holy Spirit'. Super Seven is excellent for enhancing all types of psychic abilities and psychic skills. It is a powerful stone for crystal healing, and is excellent for healing mind, body, and spirit. Super Seven is reportedly fantastic at healing, balancing and energizing all seven chakras.



Textites are a type of natural glass, chemically and structurally unique of meteoric origin. Their chemistry varies but is mostly silica glass with impurities of magnesium, iron and other elements. They have been found in Thailand, Australia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The exact origin is still debated today but the two theories are: 1) Meteoric glass from deep space or 2) It is a type of impactite produced by crater forming meteorites on the surface of the moon or Earth. It increases telepathy. Carry tektite for heightened psychic sensitivity, psychic travel, to increase energy fields, and open and clear the lower chakras.

Tibetan Quartz

High in The Himalayan Mountains a very unique Quartz Crystal is found. Brought from the Ganesh Himal Mountain range that borders Tibet and Nepal. Found at elevations of over 15,000 feet, they are considered to be some of the most energetically vibrant crystals available on the planet. Carries the resonance of Tibet and esoteric knowledge that has existed throughout time.

Tigers Eye

Tiger’s eye, a member of the quartz family, has a fibrous structure with inclusions of crocodolite (blue asbestos) that causes a “cat’s eye” effect called chatoyancy. This affect is best seen when the stones are cut en cabochon. Tiger’s eye is black with iron oxide staining that gives it the yellow and brown stripes. Tiger’s eye is mined primarily in South Africa, Western Australia, India, and the United States. It is thought ot be helpful in lifting depression and promoting concentration. May be used as a divinatory crystal for those who want to learn about the past or future. Promotes protection and patience. Helps mend fractures and broken bones.


Pure topaz is colorless and transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is yellow, pale gray, reddish-orange, or blue brown. It can also be made white, pale green, blue, gold, pink (rare), reddish-yellow or opaque to transparent/translucent. Topaz is commonly associated with silicic igneous rocks of granite and rhyolite. It typically crystallizes in granitic pegmatites or in vapor cavities in rhyolite lava flows like those at Topaz Mountain in western Utah. Aid to telepathy. Useful to artists.


Tourmaline is the most colorful of all gemstones. It occurs in all colors, but pink, red, green, blue and multicolored are its most well-known gem colors. Scientifically, tourmaline is not a single mineral, but a group of minerals related in their physical and chemical properties. Deposits of this stone have been found in Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Australia, Brazil, and the United States. Repels negativity, brings abundance. Balances the feminine side in men and women. Black tourmaline blocks and absorbs positive ions and EMF waves from electronics.


Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium. It is mined in the American Southwest, Turkey and China. The protective stone which also draws abundance and balance. Strengthens the immune system and protects from environmental pollution. Known as “the horseman’s stone” for its ability to protect from falls and broken bones. For more information on turquoise visit our turquoise mines page.



Unakite was originally found in the Unakas Mountains of North Carolina. This range includes segments of the Blue Ridge and Appalachian mountains in the southeastern United States. These mountains extend from southwestern Virginia along the Tennessee–North Carolina border into northern Georgia. It is a natural gemstone with an unusual but striking combination of mossy greens and shades of pink. These colors are a result of a combination of pink Feldspar, green Epidote and quartz. Some spiritualists believe Unakite allows people to concentrate on the present rather than dwell in the past. It is also thought by some to bring clarity and aid in decision making. Lifts spirits when you are feeling down, helps you to see the beauty in life. It is also used to uncover deception.


White Buffalo (Howlite)

White Buffalo is howlite, a borate mineral found in evaporite deposits. This stone is named for its discoverer, Henry How, a Nova Scotia geologist. It accepts a nice polish and its porcelaneous luster is attractive when set in silver. California is the source for almost all of the howlite trade. Metaphysically, it is a calming stone. Place a howlite stone in your pocket to absorb your own anger or another's anger that is directed toward you.



Zeolites are naturally forming microporous, aluminosilicate mineral combination that are found in rock deposists around the world. Zeolite comes from the Greek word for “boiling stones” as they emit steam when heated. Zeolites have a very strong affinity for pulling out toxic debris from water and within the body. Zeolites are considered one of nature’s finest detoxifying elements. Zeolites naturally form when fresh groundwater or seawater reacts with volcanic ash and takes anywhere from 50 to 10,000 years to complete formation. Zeolites are traditionally used in water filtration, refrigeration, construction, and aquariums. Absorbs toxins and odors. Supportive of overcoming alcohol addiction.